Revised SPC for diclofenac.
The SPCs have been updated with warnings about the CV risks of diclofenac, which may increase with dose and duration of exposure. Patients with significant risk factors for CV events should only be treated with diclofenac after careful consideration; and reviewed regularly.

Prasugrel (Efient): increased risk of bleeding – information on timing of loading dose.

New trial data are available on timing of prasugrel loading dose when used in patients with unstable angina or NSTEMI. In these patients, when coronary angiography is done within 48 hours after admission, loading dose should only be given at time of PCI to minimise bleeding risk.

Warfarin use and the risk for stroke and bleeding in patients undergoing dialysis.
This Canadian retrospective cohort study (n=1626 dialysis, n=204,210 non-dialysis, ≥65 years, admitted to hospital with AF) found that in patients with AF undergoing dialysis, warfarin was not beneficial in reducing stroke risk but was associated with a higher bleeding risk.

Combined hormonal contraceptives: Europe-wide review confirms the risk of thromboembolism is small and agrees updated information to reflect the latest evidence.
The Europe-wide review concluded that the risk of blood clots with all CHCs is small and the benefits of any CHC far outweigh the risk of serious side effects. There is good evidence that the risk of VTE may vary between products, depending on the progestogen.

Optimal duration of dual anti-platelet therapy after drug-eluting stent implantation: A randomised, controlled trial.
This study (n=5045) reported that at 24 months following randomisation, death from cardiac causes, MI or stroke did not differ significantly between the two arms—57 aspirin-alone patients (2.4%) and 61 aspirin/clopidogrel patients (2.6%) (HR 0.94; 95% CI 0.66–1.35; P=0.75).

Primary prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism in people undergoing major amputation of the lower extremity .
This review notes that as only two studies were included, each comparing different interventions, there is insufficient evidence to make any conclusions about the most effective thromboprophylaxis regimen in patients undergoing lower limb amputation.

Associations with anticoagulation: a cross-sectional registry-based analysis of stroke survivors with atrial fibrillation.
This cross-sectional analysis (n=3429) found on multivariate analysis, older age (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.96–0.98) and higher deprivation scores (OR 0.59, 0.57–0.76) were independently associated with non-prescription of vitamin K antagonists.


The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service.
Further details on this service can be found at:



The findings of the King's Thrombosis Centre's population pharmacokinetic modelling study of enoxaparin in pregnancy was reviewed by Nature Reviews Cardiology. The review assessed the significance of the findings and includes a commentary from Professor Jeff Ginsberg from McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Access the article here.

King's Thrombosis Centre have published an article in CIRCULATION describing the development of a robust pharmacokinetic model of enoxaparin in pregnant women. At each monthly clinic visit, participants provided blood samples for assessment of anti-factor Xa activity in plasma at three time points—trough (the lowest concentration before the next dose), and 1 h and 3 h after enoxaparin injection. One hundred and twenty three patients contributed 795 anti-Xa activities for the modelling. Both enoxaparin clearance and volume of distribution were increased during pregnancy and the findings provide evidence for prescribing once daily enoxaparin for the treatment of antenatal VTE. The conclusion is that national and international guideline recommendations for enoxaparin dosing in pregnancy should be re-considered.


Access the article here

King's Thrombosis Centre have published an article in CHEST evaluating the impact of compulsory VTE risk assessment on the incidence of hospital-associated VTE. A significant reduction in the incidence of HAT was observed following sustained achievement of 90% risk assessment (RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.74 - 0.98; P=0.014). The article entitled "Comprehensive venous thromboembolism prevention programme incorporating mandatory risk assessment reduces the incidence of hospital-associated thrombosis" can be accessed here

King's Thrombosis Centre have published an article in the British Journal of Haematology evaluating the early predictors of post-thrombotic syndrome. The article entitled "Presenting D-dimer and early symptom severity are independent predictors for post-thrombotic syndrome following a first deep vein thrombosis" can be accessed here.

The project is being led by Dr Jig Patel, Senior Lecturer, Institute of Pharmaceutical Science at King's College London.

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